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React vs Next: Which One?

"Should i learn React or Next.js?"

"You should learn both of them, it won't hurt"



Apr 09, 2024


As a developer, especially with JavaScript/TypeScript as the tech-stack, choosing the right library or framework might be hard, given the plethora of options available, each with its own set of benefits and downsides. Two such popular options in the world of frontend development are React and Next.js.

Both of these options are widely used in building modern web applications and offer unique features that cater to different needs.

In this article, we'll delve into the specifics of React and Next.js, highlighting their differences, use cases, and guiding principles to help you make an informed decision based on your project requirements.

What is React?

React is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook for building user interfaces. It was first released in 2013 and has since gained immense popularity among developers due to its simplicity, flexibility, and performance.

React follows a component-based architecture, where UIs are broken down into reusable components, making it easier to manage and maintain complex user interfaces.

Key Features

Declarative Syntax - React uses a declarative syntax, allowing developers to describe how the UI should look based on the current application state.

Virtual DOM - React utilizes a virtual DOM, which is a lightweight representation of the actual DOM. When the state of a component changes, React updates the virtual DOM first and then efficiently reconciles the changes with the actual DOM, minimizing DOM manipulation and improving performance.

Component Reusability - React encourages the creation of reusable UI components, which can be composed together to build complex user interfaces. This promotes code reusability, modularity, and maintainability.

React Hooks - Hooks are a way to add state and side-effects to functional components. Hooks allow developers to reuse stateful logic across different components without the need for class components or higher-order components, making functional components more powerful and expressive.

What is Next JS?

Next.js is a React framework designed to simplify the development of server-rendered React applications. It was created by the team at Vercel and was first released in 2016.

Next.js builds on top of React, adding features like server-side rendering, static site generation, and routing to provide a comprehensive solution for building modern web applications.

Key Features

Server-side Rendering (SSR) - Next.js allows developers to render React components on the server-side, delivering fully rendered HTML to the client. This improves initial page load times and provides better SEO performance by serving content that is readable by search engines. SSR is particularly useful for content-heavy websites and applications where SEO is a priority.

Static Site Generation (SSG) - In addition to server-side rendering, Next.js supports static site generation, where pages are pre-rendered at build time and served as static HTML files. This approach further improves performance by eliminating the need for server-side processing on each request, resulting in faster page loads and reduced server load.

Automatic Code Splitting - Next.js automatically splits JavaScript bundles into smaller chunks based on page routes, allowing for faster page loads by only loading the code that is necessary for each page.

File-based Routing - Next.js uses a file-based routing system, where each page is represented by a JavaScript file in the project directory structure. This simplifies the process of defining routes and organizing code.

API Routes - Next.js provides built-in support for creating API routes, allowing developers to define serverless functions that handle HTTP requests directly within the Next.js application.

Incremental Static Regeneration (ISR) - Introduced in Next.js 9.5, ISR allows developers to update static content at runtime without rebuilding the entire site. This enables dynamic content updates while still benefiting from the performance advantages of static site generation.


In summary, React and Next.js are powerful tools for frontend development. React offers flexibility for building dynamic interfaces, while Next.js extends React's capabilities with server-side rendering and SEO optimization.

The choice depends on the developer's preference as welll as the project's needs: React for flexibility and simplicity, Next.js for server-side functionality and performance. Both empower developers to create modern web applications, each with its strengths in different scenarios.